A Paradise Lost: The Imperial Garden Yuanming Yuan (China Academic Library)
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This book is aimed at readers and researchers who are interested in Chinese garden architecture, the rise and fall of Yuanming Yuan and the history of the Qing dynasty. It is the first comprehensive study of the palatial garden complex in a Western language, and is amply illustrated with photographs and original drawings. Young-tsu Wong s engaging writing style brings "the garden of perfect brightness" to life as he leads readers on a grand tour of its architecture and history.
Great View of the Distant Seas (Yuanying Guan), completed no later than 1781 (YMYA 1991, 2:1567), sitting on a large, high terrace so as to avoid blocking views. This large brick building was decorated with carved marble around the doors and windows. A pair of elaborately carved marble pillars stood on either side of the main entrance. The Qianlong emperor often used this building as a royal vacation home or resting place, where once were displayed the six Beauvais tapestries sent as gifts by
seek retirement in 1860, he made a pleasant tour to the Pure Ripple Garden, a subsidiary garden of the Yuanming Yuan, in the company of several friends on an April day. The group, as Guo depicted in his diary, walked through a left-side door of the garden ﬁrst to see the Diligent Court before going around the rock hill behind the court to reach the Jade Wave Hall (Yulan Tang). Guo and friends saw the dragon throne in the hall. Walking behind the Jade Wave Hall, they arrived at the Warm East Room
that the 1858 treaty would be faithfully observed and that all the demands made hitherto would be met in full, but he could not put his signature to the supplementary agreement without consulting with Beijing. Elgin immediately suspected that it was a tactic of delay. He therefore concluded that “a little more bullying will be necessary before we bring this stupid Government up to the mark” (Walrond 1872, 349). If Elgin was upset, Xianfeng was also disturbed by Guiliang’s “weakness” at the
retirement in a garden environment; and breathing new life into the dead Yuanming Yuan would serve the purpose. Having made up his mind, the emperor formally issued a vermilion decree on November 17, 1873: I have not forgotten for a single moment [how to repay my debt] to the profound kindness of my two imperial mothers since I assumed power on February 23 this year. I knew by reading at the Mind-Nourishing Study the poems about Repairs and the Final Blows | the Forty Views composed by
Cool Summer Hall (Qingxia Tang) in the Variegated Spring Garden (Qichun Yuan) and the Calm Sea Hall (Haiyan Tang), a large European building in the Eternal Spring Garden (Changchun Yuan). The most distinguished hall in the royal garden was surely the Main Audience Hall, a replica of the principal Imperial Court inside the Forbidden City. 2. Pavilions (ting), the basic meaning of which is “to make a stopover,” are designed for rest and enjoyment of scenery during garden tours. As Ji Cheng noted,