Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East 2 Volume Set (Jfacts on File Library of World History)

Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East 2 Volume Set (Jfacts on File Library of World History)

Language: English

Pages: 864

ISBN: 0816071586

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This resource includes around 1400 entries on the major peoples that have maintained a cultural identity in the area - from ancient to modern times - summarising their history, migration, culture, belief system, social organisation, and relationship to other peoples.

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were seen as the traditional values of Arabic culture was encapsulated in the words of the FLN leader Ben Badis when he said “Islam is my religion, Arabic is my language, and Algeria is my fatherland.” Te Algerian military became increasingly powerful in the years following independence and seized power from Ben Bella in 1965. Houari Boumedienne, the leader of the coup, ruled Algeria by decree until 1976 when a new constitution establishing a one-party socialist state allowed him to continue

Trilogy by the Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfuz (d. 2006) tells the story of a family living in Cairo from World War I until the 1952 overthrow of the monarchy. Mahfuz is the only Arab author to have won the Nobel Prize for literature, which was awarded in 1988. Prominent female authors writing in Arabic include the Syrian Hanna Mina (born 1924); Egyptian physician Nawal al-Saadawi (born 1931); Egyptian Alifa Rifaat (d. 1996); and Lebanese writers Shii Hanan al-Shaykh (born 1945) and Layla

Armenians ArmeNIANS location: Southern Caucasus, northern Mesopotamia, Anatolia time period: Second millennium b.c.e. to present ancestry: Phrygian; Urartian language: Western and Eastern Armenian (IndoEuropean) b Amar are descended from the ofspring of these soldiers and their Songhay wives. Armenians Te Armenians are an ethnic group that originated in the Caucasus and eastern Anatolia. Te modern state of Armenia in the southern Caucasus is home to many Armenians today, but a large number

classifcation is that it ignores cases in which peoples with very diferent ethnic or cultural identities live within the international boundaries of the same country or cases in which ethnic groups live across international boundaries. A good xii Preface example of the former case is the East African nation of Somalia, which remains an internationally recognized nationstate but which ceased to operate as such in the early 1990s. At the present time the territory of Somalia is divided into a

and Central Asia. Previously isolated towns became accessible and were brought into closer contact with the wider region. art Pre-Christian art in Armenia borrowed elements from several neighboring regions and foreign rulers. Te earliest examples of Armenian art come from Middle to Late Bronze Age burial sites and show signs of Assyrian and early Etruscan infuences. Discoveries include intricately painted vases and vessels, decorated gold and silver cups, and a range of jewelry and ornaments.

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