Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe
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Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe is a key resource on the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases in European wildlife that covers the distinctive nature of diseases as they occur in Europe, including strains, insect vectors, reservoir species, and climate, as well as geographical distribution of the diseases and European regulations for reporting, diagnosis and control. Divided into sections on viral infections, bacterial infections, fungal and yeast infections, and prion infections, this definitive reference provides valuable information on disease classification and properties, causative agents, epidemiology, pathogenesis, and implications for human, domestic and wild animal health.
• Brings together extensive research from many different disciplines into one integrated and highly useful definitive reference.
• Zoonotic risks to human health, as well as risks to pets and livestock are highlighted.
• Each disease is covered separately with practical information on the animal species in which the disease has been recorded, clinical signs of the disease, diagnostic methods, and recommended treatments and vaccination.
• Wildlife vaccination and disease surveillance techniques are described.
• Examines factors important in the spread of disease such as changing climate, the movement of animals through trade, and relaxations in the control of wide animal populations.
enzootic in the Carpathian Basin, reaching Austria in 2008 on a westward range expansion and causing an unexpected human outbreak in Greece in 2010. Lineage 1 viruses continued to circulate in Northern Italy during 2008–2009, affecting primarily horses and humans. WNV lineage 1 activity was also detected on the Iberian Peninsula between 2001 and 2007 in both Spain and Portugal. Figure 9.1 shows areas of WNV presence and circulation and countries where seropositivity to WNV has been detected in
disease is characterized, both in deer and reindeer, by purulent ocular discharge, hypopyon, uniform corneal opacity without ulceration, mucopurulent nasal discharge and photophobia. Moderate swelling of the periorbital tissues and marked oedema of the eyelids are also observed (Figure 1.4). In more severe cases, there is a secondary bacterial infection and haemorrhagic and purulent exudates appear, leading, in extreme cases, to blindness and destruction of the eye. Moraxella bovis has been
regulations do not exist. Exact data on the prevalence of ILT in domestic bird populations are not available. Domestic and free-living waterfowl, pigeons and passeriform birds are not sus ceptible. Mammals, including humans, are completely resistant. Viral Infections SMADEL’S DISEASE OF PIGEONS Smadel’s disease, pigeon herpesvirus infection or ingluvitis of pigeons, is a contagious disease of predominantly young pigeons of all breeds (racing and fancy) of worldwide distribution. Single cases
Pathobiology University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Austria Gudrun Wibbelt, Dr Med Vet Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research Wildlife Diseases – Pathology Berlin, Germany Frederik Widén, DVM, PhD Assistant Professor National Veterinary Institute (SVA) and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala, Sweden Bjørnar Ytrehus, DVM, Dr Med Vet Norwegian Veterinary Institute Oslo, Norway PREFACE T he aim of this book is to provide a reference text on infectious diseases which
other forms of rabies disappeared in those areas where foxmediated rabies was successfully eradicated. In recent decades, in the Baltic countries the epidemiological situation has changed, with the raccoon dog accounting for nearly half of the reported cases. In Turkey, the domestic dog is the main reservoir species, and cases in other species – wildlife, domestic animals or humans – are the result of spillover events from dogs. Bat rabies cases in Europe involve infectious cycles that are