Introducing Aesthetics: A Graphic Guide
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Every day we talk about the aesthetics of a piece of art or design. More than a simple response, aesthetics is a philosophy in which perceptions, feelings, and emotions combine to form the whole nature of experience. Through clear text and fitting illustrations, Introducing Aesthetics provides a captivating insight into the subject.
early infant experiences both in the womb and after, prior to the child’s acquisition of language. In this respect, Kristeva’s views about art differ from Freud’s. Freud believed that art is an expression of yearning and conflict stemming from the child’s separation from the Mother owing to the law of the Father. MY VIEW OF ART IS THAT IT ARISES FROM THE CHILD’S RELATIONSHIP TO THE MOTHER PRECEDING THE INTERVENTION OF THE LAW OF THE FATHER AND THE DICTATES OF SOCIETY. The Chora and the Semiotic
According to Kristeva, an idea of what this formative space of experience is like is given by Plato in his dialogue Timaeus (c. 360 BC), in which he mentions the idea of a “chora”. PLATO’S CHORA EVOKES A MATERNAL RECEPTACLE, A CRUSHING, DANCING RECEPTACLE. THE GREEK WORD REFERS TO BOTH THE WOMB AND A POPULAR DANCE PERFORMED IN THE OPEN SQUARES OF THE CITY. This chora is what Kristeva refers to as the “semiotic”. The semiotic is a space of dissolution and fragmentation existing prior to
ref 1, ref 2 Picasso, Pablo ref 1 Plato ref 1, ref 2 Pliny the Elder ref 1 poetry ref 1, ref 2, ref 3 Pop art ref 1 postmodernism ref 1 vs. modernism ref 1 Poussin, Nicolas ref 1 presentations ref 1 punctum ref 1 Raphael ref 1, ref 2, ref 3, ref 4 realism ref 1 reality, art and ref 1 reason, universal ref 1 Renaissance ref 1 representations ref 1 revaluation of all values ref 1 Romanticism ref 1 Sartre, Jean-Paul ref 1 Saussure, Ferdinand de ref 1, ref 2 schizophrenia ref 1,
Aristotle argued that the mimetic structure of art is embedded in the interaction between the work of art – poetry, drama, painting, sculpture, music and dance – and the audience. He stressed the fact that works of art have their own structures and forms which are independent of structures and forms in reality. PLAYS REVOLVE AROUND PLOT INVOLVING CHARACTERS AND ACTION … … WHILE MUSIC IS BASED ON STRUCTURES OF TONE, RHYTHMS AND MELODIES. Since art has its own internal sense of structure and
appeal to a divine and transcendent order as a way of synthesizing all forms of experience – including even those which can’t be represented – came under increasing attack by philosophers as the 19th century proceeded. The Origins of Modern Aesthetics: Nietzsche, Freud and Marx Whereas Hegel hung on to a sense of a divine plan structuring all experiences, even those which are excessive or unrepresentable, the work of Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900), Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) and Karl Marx