Storey's Illustrated Guide to 96 Horse Breeds of North America
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populations in quite the same way. Philosophical and political differences of opinion have caused some of these groups to merge, while splinter groups have split off from larger organizations. Despite their differences, however all of these groups are still unified in their appreciation for the history, talent, and abilities of the Spanish Colonial Horse. Spanish Colonials are more closely related to the horses of the golden age of Spain than are any other breeds. The oldest of the Spanish
Country. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1989. Willoughby, David P. The Empire of Equus. South Brunswick, NJ: A. S. Barnes and Co., 1974. Web Site Sources Acadian Cultural Society. “Acadian Cultural Society—History.” www.acadiancultural.org/intro.htm The Akhal-Teke Association of America. “Akhal-Teke Breed Standard.” www.akhal-teke.org/standard.htm Akhal-Teke Information. “The Parthian Empire.” www.parthia.com “American Bashkir Curly.” International Museum of the Horse.
of foreign horses. After this point, Canadian breeders increasingly imported horses from the British Isles and the United States. The imported horses were crossed on the Canadian Horses and contributed to the further development of distinct types within the Canadian breed. In time these types earned names of their own. Canadian Pacer. Breeders crossed pacing horses, derived from early imported French pacers, on Narragansett Pacers, imported from New England, to produce pacing horses that were
the lighter Groningen, from sandy soil in northern Holland. The Groningen is actually the same breed as the Danish Oldenborg and the early German Oldenburg. Both the Gelderlander and the Groningen descend from Friesians or other heavy horses. After 1850, Holland imported many stallions from Oldenburg, Holstein, Hanover, and France. During this era, the needs of horsemen changed from exclusively farm use to carriage use to general riding, triggering the transition from heavier workhorses to the
breed was again exported to the United States and promoted, particularly by Emil Jung, who was famous for his combined driving teams. From that point on, its popularity has continued to escalate. Breed Characteristics Though widely noted as carriage horses, Holsteiners also excel in dressage and show jumping and are frequently seen on the hunter circuit. Adherence to the highest standards for the selection of breeding animals has resulted in consistently superb offspring. Holsteiners are